**数学与系统科学研究院**

**计算数学所学术报告会**

**报告人：**
Prof. Mei-chun Huang

University of Xiamen, P.R.China

**报告题目：**
The Many-body theory for excited-states process

**报告摘要：**

The most of the experimental measurable quantities in many-body electron system, such as the optical absorption, luminescent spectra and exciton effect, are related to the excitation states description. The density functional theory with local density approximation (DFT-LDA) as a ground state theory, i.e. the solutions based on the Kohn-Sham equation is a powerful tool for studying the ground state properties in many-particle systems. However, the first principles computation of excited states is more complexity than ground-state calculations. A key problem is that the exchange-correlation interaction in excited states is differ from the ground-states. In recent years, nevertheless, several electronic-excitation theories have been developed. The most important theoretical and computational method include the many-body perturbation theory which is based on the quasi-particle concept and the Green function equation, the time-dependent DFT and the Bethe-Salpeter equation for describing the electron-hole interaction. Among them the central ingredient is an electron's self-energy operator Σ that describes the exchange correlation effect beyond Hartree approximation. The implementations of the above theories are unavoidable to introduce some of approximations. A good approximation for Σ is the GW approach by Hedin. It is shown from computation simulations for many real condensed matter systems that the GW approach is a successful method for electronic-excitation problems. Another effective method for excited-states is so-called screen-exchange local-density approximation (sX-LDA). It is a combination of LDA and Hartree-Fock （HF）theory, in which the intrinsic local screen-exchange interaction has been replaced by a non-local one and a generalized Kohn-Sham equation (GKS) is given. Based on a PWscf package, the sX-LDA-PWscf method has been tested and indicates that an available approach for treating band-gap problem in semiconductors. In this paper, the many-body theories for the excitation process, its development and signification will be reviewed. The relation and differences consist in different theoretical methods are discussed. On the based of above discussions, the applications of many-body theory to the band-band transition (band-gap underestimation problem) and exciton effect in semiconductors are presented.

**报告时间：**
2005年7月5日(周二) 上午10:00-11:30

**报告地点：**科技综合楼三层311报告厅

欢迎大家参加!